On this Archaeological half day tour we visit some of the most important archaeological sites in the area, the Tulor village and Pukará de Quitor.
We get to know the history of the indigenous people called Atacameños from their first settlements, the beginnings of agriculture, the influence of the Incas until the arrival of the Spaniards. Local guides complement the narratives and facilitate a local interpretation and evaluation of the events.
|SEMI-PRIVATE SERVICE: High quality standard services with a maximum of 10 passengers per group, most of them from hotels that work with us. Our bilingual guides (spanish – english) assure a personalized service.The days and hours of the excursions may vary depending on the season, climatic conditions and the groups that we form. The final itinerary will be confirmed upon arrival in San Pedro, but even during your stay it can vary depending on the mentioned conditions, we will be informing immediately about any change.|
This tour is possible to experience both in the morning or in the afternoon, found out details by contacting us on: email@example.com
Our first destination is the prehistoric Tulor hamlet – a valuable relict of the first settlements of farmers belonging to the San Pedro de Atacama culture (800 B.C. – 500 AD) who settled in the area where the San Pedro River flows into the Salt Flat basin, a few kilometres south of the homonymous village. The hamlet is an architectural unit which is composed of circular enclosures made of adobe that are linked between each other. It has been covered by sand and today lies 1,2 meters beneath the surface. Only a small part has been excavated, but there is a reproduction of a few rooms and a storage space which can be visited. The site is administrated by the indigenous community of Coyo.
Pukará de Quitor (“Fortified Village”)
Our next encounter with the atacameñan history takes us north of San Pedro de Atacama, to a steep mountainside in the valley of the San Pedro River, surrounded by endemic vegetation and cultivated lands. There, in the 12th century, the fortress of Quitor was built as a way of defence against bordering nations. Since it had to accommodate around 400 people, the Pukará comprised over 160 rooms connected by squares, narrow corridors and storages spaces.
During the Spanish conquest, under the command of Francisco de Aguirre the “Site of the Headless” was carried out – decapitating the Likan Antai leaders to prove the power of the invadors.
In 1981, restauration works of this National Monument started and were resumed in 1992.
The Pukará de Quitor is administrated by the indigenous community of Quitor.
09:00 Pickup from your hotel
Pukará de Quitor
What to bring?
- Comfortable clothing, walking shoes.
- Sunblock, hat, sunglasses, lip balm.
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